ھͶ O ղ

TOP

OA:rIҎģIwdcͻrID Ϻ悞
2015-10-22 10:57:29 Դ:_ŕr :OA С g[:4026 uՓ:0l

Ҫ҇rID̎ڿM֮Ϻ悵rID͚v̱ڵطeOƄӺ̓ɷNYĹͬrIIwķֻѽuͻLԁSֵġзֻδͻơBlͻԵrIYxDrIҎģIwd𲻃HrIIwDQrIarIaPϵ׃rIYxrğoaѷdz@@@ȻͬSǵġ]ПoaYCϿ]ӰrID͵ҪڬFAδMҎģIwdrIYxD͵ǷdzŵϺ悵rIYxDͷȫк܏Ĵ

PI~rID͡ҎģIwrIYxAY

Abstract Chinas agriculture is undergoing rapid transformation. Whats going on in He Town in the south of Anhui Province demonstrates that pushed by the local government and driven by two kinds of capital the disintegration of agricultural management subject is breaking through the bottleneck and a radical capitalization of Chinas agriculture is emerging. The rising large-scale farming subjects are not only replacing the old small-scale ones and raising agricultural production efficiency but also changing the relations of agricultural production resulting in remarkable capitalization of agriculture and proletariatization of the farmers. These phenomena fly in the face of so-called capitalization without proletariatization proposed by Philip C. C. Huang and other scholars. Judged from the multifarious factors influencing agricultural transformation it should be obvious that the driving forces behind the rise of large-scale management subjects and the capitalization of Chinas agriculture are strong. He Town is an example of capitalist transformation that has nationwide significance.

Keywordsagricultural transformation large-scale management subject agricultural capitalism government intervention driven by capital

һ}RcīIC

Ї̎ڿٶȫD֮rIҲoЌWJЇrIЊtYDьrID@һ}׃Їr׃wеһĆ}

҇еǼw·֑IĸƶrIDǰSDչ_SrDMrIaľwΑBҲwFrIҎģIwĴFyӋ1999҇Deֻռͥаؿe2.53@һ20064.5720088.6201117.82013623.920146µȫͥаIDe3.8|ռͥаؿe28.82008׵3.3mȻ뷽rIͼͥrDصڅҲdz@ĶaһҎģIw2012Ie100ϵҎģIw270f

҇DrID^ͻcAYlvMܸLԁڰlչFrI͸yrIǟoɽ@헹ߵߵĸ߶2006꡶񽛝lչʮһҎVҪlչFrIr彨OĮaIAԁÿҪrhļж԰lչҎģIwȺ˵ĘrIIwϵҪҕ̶ȲHһֱδpuӏĵطͨ^eOƄDlչԹIͼͥr齛IwҎģIЩطϧͨ^΄ָ˻DeD{뿃Ч˵ȷʽƄ@ЩһЩоҲָADrID͵Ƅâ

YIlDصğᳱu^֮֮ǰlYҪMrIaĮaǰͮaI@ЩlYҪMrIaI2012ID_2800f஀ռȫD10.32011L342009L1152013IDe40YlDǸ_ߴ̼ĽYҲdzY^ʣĽY

ȻAcYlǽYһͬƄDrIDֱ䌍FΑB@ߵƄ҇rID͵չ_҂ԓӿ҇rI@ЩDZӑՓĺĆ}

rID͆}vrIνWӑՓĺĆ}@@һ}γ˼JăһR˼xҞJͥrIYxrIS֮rֻrIoaߺrIYR˼ڡYՓԔYՓCӢrIYxİlչrIoaAγɢЌͨ^󲿷ʡ{锵ķlFrIYx𲽼ӏԹ͂ڄӞAYxrСaߣؚr͡rųrIaʹ֮uSroaArăɘOֻdz@?ĻKarl KautskyMһָrIa^MһЩСaژɴ󽛠IõĄڄo߶ԟoÓ󽛠IߵĄ11chһǡZA. V. ChayanovJСra׷ڄaԝMͥMڄ_l̶ҪȡQM̶Ⱥ̈́ڄD̶֮gľָСrЌǘֻɂ挦AֻǕSͥڃȄڄcM߱׃ʼKͻƼͥķͬrJСrڄڄ߅HaڹYr^mͶڄĶ@ñYxrߵĆλa܉Ⱥ֧ߵĵMɌŔDСrͥrСֿ͡vʷԡ12
ЇrID͵ǰlR˼xxϵrIYxD߀ͣǡZxϵļͥrIȲ׃ֻSǵ˽oĴcR˼xՓ෴ЇrIڰlˌ|ԵYrI͂˃HռЇrIȫڄͶ3]Ӣӡڴ^аl@ğoa@NՓFQ֮顰]ПoaY13@ȻĽYՓAǡZД@ӆ

ͨ^Ϻ悵{14P߰lFﵽԁஔһΕrgȮصrII߶СaMȲҲlһ̶ȵķֻrIaIδFYx҂Ɍ@NB顰зֻδͻơ@NδͻƃȲѽeͻֻһЩFKδ܌FͻԵrIYxD2007ԁڰlչҎģI^ОҎģIwdlĶѾõ϶µY϶µYMҎģI߳ϵKrIҎģIwĴd𲻃HrIaҴrIaPϵ׃rIYͬrҲlrğoa


зֻδͻƣСa߼Ȳֻ

ϺλLϰؽƽԭcɽ^Ľe؎ǽϵ͵ġ~֮lؚvԷNֲˮ׵ȺsZ^Ϸ󲿷ֵ؅^rxNֲμеrؽ^󲿷rȻڷNֲp絾 + ں悷ȵĸػڻr??ʹ2007ԺҎģIձdҲҎDصҎģIwҪNֲZʳԽ^󲿷ҎģIwҲǷNֲZʳֻnjpNֲģʽĞ鵾݆ģʽ]гFȫձڵҎģIrǼZ}15ԓݠ13ί1ί˿ڼs3.16f9500r˿ռ95ȫ悿e92ƽиؼs5.8fɽ5fˮ 1.6fLذ͵İɽ׵

mȻڿh^I^l_悅sԓhΨһһrIl󲿷rԄչrڴ򹤽dǰؽ^󲿷rԄrÿĽIedzСһ㶼102000ǰS򹤽dԽԽrxչS֮صrIIwҲul׃һ˺͋DŮrIaеĵλu³ɞҪrIa󲿷ּͥp˺ҪڄչrIͽoȺwTС@һΑBQ֮顰ؽrI16@ЩȺwwֻǸNԼҵijа픶NHS˽IҎģ^СһһrĽIҎģѽ@ĔUĽIҎģʮ஀ʮд󲿷2030@ЩIwҪЩͥҪڄoЩչ̵rD֮DôһPϵһǷN@ֽIwҪҪPϵڴfڴfЈЌWߌQrЈr17rռҲ^^18

{PSCСMrIIwֱӸAǰ׃@ȁһֱӸAǰrҊ1СҺͿ–|Mͬһ2009ꮔԓȫ巶ƄӴҎģDСҌһ2013ԓƄ˴ҎģDԱ1гʬFķքe20082012rпԿƄDǰСMҪrIIwǽIԼҳаrڿrеıքe666133佛IҎģ214ƽ8ĽIeڿeзքeռ736031DrصrҲռһڿrеıքe161729IesքeռСMe274069ˆ΂rĽIҎģ^^СMƽҎģքe131722һr2@Щr^󲿷ֶԚwЈrȺwvrؿ҂lFЈrͲNrԷNԼҳаrpɂrεķֻr܉քe20082012rֻrԒô]MֱӸAr2008悴20rչ̶Dȥ60rֻNԼҵijа20ҵrIҎģõmȔUɞЈr2012@rıŷքe403030@N׃İlҪ鮔иxչ

Ϸ҂ԿSrչˆTӼ䎧r֮g԰lDMrIIwѽlһķֻҪwFһrЈrą^eһٲrͨ^UҎģһrD׃Јr@NֻB@ȻȻͣСrΑBȲ]ͻСraԹ͂ڄӞAYxrIЈrı|ȻСr佛Iģʽcһr]б|^e19?e?@NֻֻһN׃|׃Sߵĸ20҂Ԍ@NֻBQ֮顰зֻδͻơ

@NֻB߀]гʬFЌP¶rķֻӽǡZДtȻǡZĽСa߲Yxr׷󻯶MДUaֻͥ׃׷󺆆arȲܰlչrIYcrIoaߵķ21P{lF悵ĺܶЈrДUaĄֻҪ治ʹӹ͹Ҳdz䌍2007aĴҎģIwбвٳԮصЈrr԰lD֮ԺylչҎģ^rIIwҪвֱƼsЈrMДUҎģ?e?r񲢲Ǜ]ДUä́ǷeMһֻFͻrID͵ֻ̈́@N̈́ڷNNFKoF@ЩFKwFصĿɫ@rڄDMһҪDȥǴfȲвrϣ^͵ărHѵ@ӾЩrMһUҎģĿصԺrDЈl߀ΌɢڲͬСMдDؼDoҎģIwҲһFy}ٴصļ黯ҲrMһDԔU󽛠IҎģ22

PJ顰зֻδͻơBǹνlγɵrIIΑB@NΑBȲ䌍ѽNͷeͻֻһЩFKδаlͻһ@ЩFϵKͻrIDͼܰl2007Ժ󮔵ذlrIDC@һc


ƄcY

2007ԁڿhl_ʼeOƄӮصrIDԓhΨһһrIl悱xFrIʾ^Դc^Ŭ20147ں悹قҎģ100ϵrIIwD2.6f஀ռȫ悸ؿeĽ45@ȫ׃ˮСarIaľҲ׃ˡзֻoͻơĠBԓҲ2013ɞ顰ʡFrIʾ^

rI֮ڶ̶̎l˴׃x_ؿhlķeOAƄӺ悵rIDؿhlȡϵyԵĴʩ@ЩʩָԷdz_ҎģIƄӵҪ

rĿͶںԸƮصrAOʩҎģIṩ|l2007ꡪ2014Y_1.2|ԪҵĿrIC_lĿͶŵԓ3.3fMȫλĸݰƽϲKˮOʩg·oֵȸ˰lչҎģIҪϧgСraʹKҎtСKϲ2050ĴK@ЩʩڞҎģIṩlͬrsں̶ܴųСraСrȟoN˴KKهgȡСˮ23

ٿvDЈĶʹؼжDССYˌMдDķɢ܉ЌDͨ^̓M_عܷօ^MؼкRίyһD24˺ͨ^޶ίDҎģYx뷽Ⱥ뷽DҎģ޶1000Ϻ100@ӵҎģ뷽Y^ߵҪծصĵˮƽaMD100ؾҪ10fԪYʂ@һСaߺyܵں܉ĴίDصĻǴССYʹҲڷeOӆTrDȥڲϧÏƴʩƄD25

ٴ_헃߷ҎģIw2009ԁ100ϵҎģIwÿÿɫ@ÿhĪaY60ԪϼaNÿÿؿɫ@80ԪĪaY֮߀rIUYrĿՈȷ܃ݴP߀lFꮔҲڷeOcҎģIwmrIwϵڴ^طؔȷ涼MЃAбϧԭСrwϵMYDZMܷڴrIwϵ߀MǷСrIwϵsMһ26

ȡ@ЩϵyԴʩHƽˮҎģIĬFϵKҴYMųСaߵęCYĶ˺ҎģIw^܉ɞҎģIwĻǴССYPԔyӋ˽20147ںDصҎģIwāԴrҊ2ı2ԿںDصҎģIwڸԣAϰ干3110˳Ըԣ7˞Fδɲ11ԭЈr8˞͸rľwr

ϰָԭڱЅ^hϰ4ϰ2rCN1_bS1_SYaٶǧfԪYһfԪDҎģҲձ^ƽÿ926.72e3706.87ռe14.1

hϰԭڱhhǻlϰ11hϰ·خa_l5l2~2rYNۺͷbӹĸ1ķֻ^еϰYa^ǧfԪеĄtֻЎװfԪ϶100fԪYҲڎʮfԪװfԪDeҲ^ƽÿ767.52e8442.72ռe32.1

ϰtԭںϰϰ˂eY^ۺǏС4_СͼZʳӹS2_СͷbӹS2˞齨ϰ_rYե͏SľļӹSĸ1YaڎʮfԪϰfԪYʮfԪʮfԪϰYۺĂԓ^̖ĴͼZʳӹSϰDǧ஀߀IrY̶Ya_ǧfԪ߀Џ߲˷NֲľaţBֳ3ϰYa^ۺ̶YaڎװfԪǧfԪ27Ȳ^һD3210.03100500D6852.54ռe26.0

ԣָЩԭ鮔ش¸^еȺwڸԣ10؛܇܇˾C4ˣ؛܇˾C3܇˾C1ˣ^2ltZʳӹSӋ܊ˣ܊20DIM^ߣչˆT1DZشԭNҪ·rИIe˿^Yһ㶼ڎʮfԪYƽÿD223.42

ɲ7еĶǰڷNҎģmЈr11ЈrǰڴN1050Ҏģ@rҲһĽȻȲҲзֻ@ȺwDeҲ^Сһ㶼200

͸rָ،TNšIrں悵Ŀ͸rҪڰճLԁһֱظNһҎģ100500֮gP{@ȺwĽڮشfҲnjόYʮfԪ2е8λ͸rͨ^ˏĴίDص߀ʮҵĿ͸roĴίDǏҎģ^ҎģIwDظNں悹нʮ͸rͥH½IҎģIwhֹ2е67һق28

ϿԿںDغ͌HNصҎģIwԭڷeһYĸԣAмط҂Ԍ֞һǁԳlĹYԭrIa2еıϰhϰϰ@ȻڴԣҲӽһҪrIarԭĽIeͱ^MһUҎģě_2еĴɲЈrͿ͸rڴ29غx¿Y҇rI϶º¶ϵăɷNY30˄һ϶µĄڶ¶ϵĄ

ȁ϶µĄlYĿ֮дYMrIaItڴh׃{ԓhrIίTһλνoĽጾһĺf֮ôϰ嵽rDҵĽ΄ݲ̫rИIձ鲻γ˴^ʣYw҂hP]˺ܶIҪһЩСSСIöϰһЩeYo̎ͶY@rI߱^lչrIaID߀_˴ĄMrII?]λx_ĵ[փ?@ڽ?ϰُܶҙnʽϵ?rIIҎģIPע߾кܴ@һһͬƄ˴^ʣYͶrIIP{鵽һҎģIwrһĴԣ

1Ԫ1971Pmr֮ǰҪ·rИI2008֮ǰIϼӹNʮeһYK2008ǰDͶY˕rǡ??ʹ@ͶYʧKֵ˜Ilչ֮rԪ ںMƽصfд؜ʂ䌦Dҿhlк֧ܶJ@ǂlؔĺÙCK2009D873.51

΁¶ϵĄP{Јr񣨿͸rԭҲЈrһ㶼MһUҎģĄoD؁UҎģ悮ȡһϵдʩMДUaṩһһںܶЈr]YһlYD˴ɹDʮֻИOٔЈr܉DںЩɲЈrһPϵЈrD䛾һͣ

21964悗֮ǰǵ͵Јr2000ǰ_ʼNֲ20ҪDHѵdzϴɲYڴfɫ@^w2013걾D101HɲYoSּͥ??@Щһɞ䎧5fԪҵ^֮ǰͬǰҪǷނzڄFrærҪ͹һһҪ150ÿ1.5@ҪǴܶrԼڄӶҪ͹˱ͬҎģļͥr͹Ҫһÿÿֻ͹0.5

Ϸ҂ԿoՓ¶߀϶¶аlչҎģIĄ@һڄDFĕrRNNϵKطڰlչҎģIҪHƽ@ЩϵK߀ṩMҎģIķNNl@OҎģIČFȻ@^Yc֮gsеĻoɵطcССYڰlչҎģI@һ}_һγ˾oܵ湲ͬw


ͻrIDͼ

ϽBƄӺYӵĹͬ2007l˄ҵrID^֮֮ǰġзֻoͻơPߌ½rIDͷQ֮ͻrIDͻFrIYxPҪrIIwrIarIaPϵʬF@NrIDrIIwDQrID͵ҪFrIνWӑՓrID͕rĺĆ}ʼKǵYxrСr߀СrųYxrrIIwͰ佛IҎģĴССrĽIҎģ^СYxrҎģtdzrIIwl׃ҲrIarIaPϵ׃ԓfrIIwrIYrIaPϵ@߱λһwһN͵rIIw͌һrIarIaPϵ

һrIIwDQ

2007ԁrIlҪ׃ǴrIҎģIwڴ^дСauĶʹ悵ҪrIIwСaDQҎģIw

3ʬF˽ҎģIwĚvı3пؿҎģIwĔ佛Ieڿ2006悳^100ҎģIwֻ4Ie801.41҆΂r񽛠IҎģ3002007Ժ_ʼm20147¹P{Yr悽yӋڃԵҎģIw67Ie_26328.95һD3210.03Ҏģ1000ϵ45001000910050054

Ҫָ3зӳĔֻcrDͬrվ䰸ҎģIwrȫӳHNصҎģIwĠrHNصҎģIwĔhֹ@Щ@ҪDĴP߲ȫyӋں悴15ҎģIwDֵزֻȫDȥҪЩDe500ϵҎģIwӰصȫ͸rǁԳʮĽIҎģڶٮDe1.1fںD߱Q顰һD߱Q顰DҪһ֧һDMںÿÿDM60Ԫ130Ԫһ80Ԫҡһ^mиlŵÿÿ80ԪaNһDoκÿÿͿɼ160Ԫҵɞ䌍ġʳߡDصġһwɷ֞һҪڽIҎģ^ʱ^̝̎pBDһҪǛ_DMaND؏Ķʳǰռǰ_кܶ๤YͶrIIԫ@øMܿlFrII񹤘IaǘҎģԽԽһlž˫@IҎģһ߅31ں悵ļZʳaһ㽛I500600ɫ@

悌HNصҎģIw100ĽIҎģһ100600֮g200ҵռ500ҵIJ5ҎģIwһ㶼ϣMһU@һҎģ˕rֻY޶oF@һԸ

ҎģIwһֱӺnjԭСaߵ?EᵽeСיΪ?Ҋ4c14@ʾķNrĔNeд½СMԭ󲿷rڷNռ6382ҸNСMеҎģIwdNrpƽNewF2009꼯DصСҺͿ–|MɂСMքeֻ1126rN632Јr׺ʧM@Ҫ2010ǰҪֶƄҎģI´rD2013꼯DصСr^rԸxǷDԓM50rN50һrĔδppٵҪЈrЈr֮ԴpҪ鮔ҎϣDصrɴίyһDڌDҎ^ߵTĶ󲿷Јrų˻؞һr߷ŗrIaչֻٔDHݵ^mֳɞЈrͨ^ĴίDDҎģIw

֮ҎģIwdrIIwķֻӄҳɘOķ~MҎģIwĔ佛IصҎģuСaߵĔ佛Iصeڴspһru^Јr׺ʧM@NֻڅcЌLĶrķֻڅ@˵32

rIa

SоAСrr،˽IʽrͼͥʽraaPϵlFIʽrcͥʽrһӶڏ„ڄܼrI]дaˮƽҲ]ЌFaaPϵͬrͻǡͣСrĽMɲ֡33P߷քeaaPϵĽǶȁҎģIwd󎧁׃P߰lF悵ҎģIwaaPϵ^֮ԭСa߶ͻȁaϵıF

Pں{lFҎģIwڙCеrˎNӵaYϵʹ϶@ͬСaԙCеϵIJͬ@5ʬFСaߣЈr񣩺ҎģIwҪahęCеˮƽ34пԿMܺ悵СarIaThFһ̶ȵęCеҎģIwęCеˮƽ߀hfҎģIwęCеˮƽ^֮Сa˴СaڲNʩʭhȫʹÄڄҎģIw@ɂhձ˙CеaЧ2.5ʮСaڸˎ͹ȵȭhmȻѲÙCеС͙CеaЧ^ҎģIw@ЩahЧ^ߵĴ͙CеʹոhСa߱McҎģIwһӶʹôոCձԽԽAʹÎZ}ʽոCĶpոеùaЧ

҂ԿҎģIwd悵rICеˮƽl޴׃rIaиahęCеõȫλMęCеˮƽ@һc^֮СaȻµĄڄܼaҎģIw@ȻьFYܼaһλڙCеǰеrظVPFֻں׷ʕr߀ҪʹÄڄhF˙CеҵęCеˮƽ_80ϡҎģIwęCеˮƽٶ50@hhͨСarIaеùܴrICϷνBһrNһһɼҪahͶ45Ͷںÿһεġ@35һͶ10ҎģIwÿÿù2

ҎģIwrˎNӵaYϵͶҲ@ͬСaSrЈMԓfoՓСa߀ҎģIwaYϵī@ϻǏЈMُIҎģIwĽIҎģձ^aYόa뎧߅HЧ^@^֮Сa߸ҕrˎNӵaYϵ|ЧƷNxиӃAxƷƴrߵƷN@ЩƷN|ЧwбϵM܃r^ҲԸͬrrˎͻʵʹҎģIwձ^LՄһλذʮij͸róһƿrˎVP@һСƿˎСҪ1.5҂ֻ1ԓhrƏVվվLVPҎģIw÷һҪСa߸߳1 / 41 / 3ҎģIw֮xƷƺõrYӴһǞˌFaһtǞ˜pùСa߿ÿ@rSְεslFxSrFˎҎģIwoՓǰβ߀ǴˎҪهڹ͹ҪYԸʹÃr߶ЧõrˎӴԜpٴˎΔùKF

ϿԿҎģIwcСaaYϺ̈́ڄʹõȡѭȫͬ߉݋ҎģIw󻯵Ŀ]x޶ڄӵaYaЧʺ̈́ڄЧСa߄tҪͥڄrxaYԳüͥڄСaȻ„ڄܼrIҎģIwtYܼrI֮·?ԟ?PJҎģIwa^֮Сaѽ|ͻ@@ȻѲͬSĽǰAĽIʽraϵıFҲͬ\yrIa߶rIIwMЅ^36

rIaPϵ׃

PߺҪҎģIwdaϵıF҂䌦rIaPϵě_Pо^ID،raPϵ37ڴ˹P߽ԓ܁ʬF悵rIaPϵ׃

^aPϵָ˂ԼaаlһȻ־DƵPϵ38w԰ăݣһLJ@֮ĸaYԴγɵaYƼ䌍FʽڶLJ@aӶγɵ˂aеę͵λPϵLJ@a|汾γɵ|䷽ʽ??9˹̹Henry Bernstein@顰lʲôaPϵlʲôֹ͡lõʲô䣩J@֮g߀һaPϵQֹֹ֛Q40P߾Ҫ@UጺrIaPϵ׃P{lF悵ҎģIwdخaPϵֹʽ䷽ʽ涼a˾޴׃

ȁخaPϵ׃rIaĻAaPϵȞҪںҎģIw^MصЙͳаಢ]׃صĽIrsͨ^ٿvD˞ظ׃ҎģIwǰDҪǻl߉݋ڴ֮g԰lMе@NDؼг̶ȱ^ʹЈrĽIeҲ^СƄӵؼDDpҪǻЈ߉݋Mе@NЈ@ȻܵطٿvЈCĶʹɏVһrЈrмеҎģIwOˮؼг̶

ֹʽ׃خaPϵ׃Ҳˮֹ׃֮ǰoՓһr߀ЈrrIaлԼ҄ڄֻżՈHсæҎģIwFԺձҪ͹չ͹ĶMЄ悌HNصҎģIw¿Է֞һԼͥڄ͂ڄӞoҎģIw͹ʵ50ڶԹ͂ڄӞȫ͂ڄMaҎģIw͹ʸ50ʹǵһҎģIwĹ͹һҲ25ڔϵıŷքe802041ͨ^悵^Zʳaе@ֽcؽIҎģٮߵą^ex^ֵġYxʽͥrcYxr֮gą^e42M@ҎģIwڱFΑBڱ|υsһµهڹ͹MrIa͔Uaı|vYxrIڹ͂ϵIJeֻDZYxij̶^eǰ͂^͵ҎģIwϣͨ^UaҎģ߹͂ʁ팍Fֻڟo@øضrܸT`

cҎģIw͂ڄҲaһrI͂ڄҪǽIػǼչrҲDصеһЩdzӼͥxuڄ@ҪЩɷNr߀һЩʧȥؽIڄtDzòuڄԾS?仰?вr񲻔oaSҎģIwęCеˮƽuܶ˰lFصrIùҲ½Ąչڲ½Щ̎ڟo¿ɸɵeàBĶRcpؼ尾

ֹҎģIw_R˼FrIYaArIoaߵķֻrIaIroaMѷdz͹@Pct˶ָ^@һڅ43?VuqȴU҆?҇rIY顰]ПoaYͨ^^ՓC҇ƽ͹ֻ344?Vuq˻Rc͹RQ_҆Ҫ՛XbC⣺՛?ȫƽڱȲҎģIw͹^ߵŒrֻŒغxµՓԔՓC@һʧ֮̎45ЌҲՓC˶ɲȡ@һJrIYxև`46ڶÔҪ2010֮ǰĺ^]ЌشdҎģIw^ߵĹ͹ʼ{˼ҕҰ˵ó^͵Ĺ͂ĹP{ĺҎģIwƽ͹ʸ_30hSǵ˻ƽó3@ʾ҂SǵʹõӋ㷽ڱSҎģIwrIYxڅ

䷽ʽ׃ҎģIwǰصСaҪԼĄڄӫ@rIһԫ@ֻЩDeصrҪ֧SҎģIwĺ悵rIзֵһ󲿷һԺ悷NֲZʳҎģIwÿļձ5fԪ20fԪ@ЩһҎģIwĄڄһքtͨ^͂ڄõʣrֵ47Dصrv˫@һĵҪDŽչ֮ǰȫöwԼ˕rһքڄÄtwҎģIwĮrIČ濴@Ȼ½@ҪڷNֲģʽͽIʽ׃ʹؼZʳĿa½ǏIJͬȺwtһŶՓҎģIw@ȻĮrIஔһЩչһֱDȥrvĵ@ȻЩһֱIԼаһrv׃ܵӰ푵ЩIe½Јrͱ˳rIaһrrIͿ붼ڴ½ҎģIwdصrIЃɼֻڅ@

ϹPߏrIIwrIYrIaPϵPķʬFϺ悵rDпԿڵطeOƄӺ϶¶σɷNYĹͬ悵rIDcrֻѲǡзֻoͻơĠBǰlͻDFrIԼ҄ڄĄڄܼrI汻ه͂ڄӺYͶYܼrIFrֻYԴuĶrϼеٔԣAgAӱu߽răɼֻrğoa՝u@@һrIDͺrֻڅ@ȻǡZДR˼xЌж48


YcӑՓ

Ϻ悽rID́rIIwķֻѽuͻLԁSֵġзֻδͻơBrIҎģIwd𲻃HrIIwDQrIarIaPϵ׃ه͂ڄӵҎģIwĴ𲻃HڲDųһrЈrgʹ󲿷ЈrsСIҎ?ƒnȺ?rIIwăɘOڅu@cͬr߀aһҎģIwչĹ͹ȺwмСaПoؽIr@ζrIYxrğoaѷdz@PJ鮔صrIDͻƼͥrIȲֻAMrIYxAFͻrID@@ȻͬSǵָġ]ПoaYȫ^óƽ͹ڱȫVlrIYڅ֛]ע⵽ҎģIwrID͎Č|ӰĶʹoע⵽rIYxD

Ć}Ϻ悵rIDȫȵжĴɷJϺֻЇflеһ҇lչھ޴^rćxvһl悵{о^oطҵr^ϺrID^ӰrID͵Ďׂ؅sȫVڵҲطl]@xvMϺ悵rID;һͬrҲкܴĴ҂ֱӰrID͵ĎׂؼӰ

ȁrֻĸ_ǼWTOԁ҇rڄDĶrćطֻcrIPϵwɷ֞鼃rIͷDŽrr֮g԰lDDŽrԼҵijаDoּrIĶrȲγһҎģUЈr?rՇ`ƜOJоŶu^|ũĵо?PJϺ2007֮ǰrֻr˴rķֻr@NֻrஔһDŽrҪԼҳа،DҺܶDصЈrҲϣͨ^DؔU󽛠IҎģ@ЩrIYxDṩ˗lȻҪNļrͼIďVں̶ܴҲҎģIwdĿg^悵Ľ򞆢ʾ҂ҎģIdǰMܽIԼҳаСa߿ԴDrصЈrǷdzòIesصԼҳаeȫ˳rIa@fЈrҎģIwdK޵

΁YlϺ悵rIDͽҎģIwһցԴڷֻr߀ஔһցڳlYYlMrIaIrIҎģI^Ϻ悵ȫضһɟᳱ@Nڅ߀^mӏǰf2012IDռȫD10.3rһIDe4049ŵYl^rIYxDṩˏcrȲϣUҎģIrͬƄrIҎģIrIYxD͵Ļ

ٴ΁ƶMЌWָ҇ƶвIuҎں̶ܴؼкroa50^҂@Nƶȿܲ˽лƶǘӸؼҎģIwȻͨ^DMؼ䌍ڬFƼsؼеǡǡrзdzصؼ黯51߀ƵDЈO52@Ϻ悱F÷dz@䌍ҲȫضձRĆ}^ҲڷeOȡNʩ׃@Щȱȫձ鶼ڼӏDЈĽOԴMҎģIܶطҲڷeOƳؼ黯мзeOƶ̽53OA54?仰?M҇ƶвؼкrIYx@ЩƲǽ^صČ`ڲ̶ͬϜpٺͻ@ЩϵK

A@ȻϺ悵rIDЮؿhlĸA˺ܴƄHƳҎģIwdTϵKҳ_˸헃ݴʩҎģIlչ@N䌍ȫҲDZ^ձM҇rIԷﵽԁeOĄlչҎģI55ǹPJ2008ʮߌȫԁoՓ߀ǸصطƄҎģIȶкܴĶҎģIwṩl@ȫDٶȺҎģIwڽд56Ҫԭ

ֱӰҎģIwdrID͵ĂKʹMҎģIwdrIYxD͵ضǴڵHеҎģIlչrrIDΑBں̶ܴ@ɷػĵĽYׂصķڬFAδMҎģIwdrIYxD͵ǷdzŵϺ悵rIYxDͷȫк܏ĴȻ@fȫضϺǘӰl˄ҵrIDfϺrIYxD͵څݺͷںܴ󷶇ȶǴڵrIYxD͵ij̶Ⱥ^ҪҕصľwrҸصrIYxD^̿϶ǷdzsgFҎģIwcСaߵ䏺ͷҲǷdz57ڸrԌдڄoȫDƳȥrIYxD^ஔLĕrڃҎģIwcСa߲lչ58߲ǃɗlƽоϺѽlǘܶСaߌɞҎģIwʹù͹ҪԴĶ뵽rIYxD^

PJ挦҇µrIYxDԵČWgBȲȥoҕͻرȥҕоڲϺƪҪPעrIaIYxDP@һDڅ݌rrrIӰ푵Ȇ}t׫


*ǽƌWоĿrIIwƸĸLUоĿ̖14YJC840029AԳɹ{RѩώTСʿྚʿͶRoss DolloPߺܶՓČ޸^ώSώx²ʿꐺӢʿַƲʿҪнOԵҊͽhڴһʾxȻ؟ؓ
עጡ 
ُtЇrIDеطģʽı^оdЇlо10݋ݣ201336Qian Forrest Zhang Carlos Oya and Jingzhong Ye Bringing Agriculture Back In The Central Place of Agrarian Change in Rural China Studies Journal of Agrarian Change Vol. 15 No. 3 2015
ڇԺlչоr岿n}MrIƶоЇlչ2013f𣺡ǰ҇rIlչڅݼ䑪dՈ2014313rI„kң׌DҎģIlչrILnLx͡PrؽIDlչrImҎģIҊӛ߆rIWվ//www.moa.gov.cn/zwllm/zwdt/201410/t20141017_4108778.htm2015522L
f𣺡ǰ҇rIlչڅݼ䑪
܅Ҋ2006ԁr幤hһ̖ļȫQ
20141120йkd͇ԺkdӡlġPrؽIDlչrImҎģIҊ_Ҏͨ^΄ָ˻DeD{뿃Ч˵ȷʽƄD2015һ̖ļҲָؽIDҪrԸӲָƄӡ@ЩҎǡǡطDձφ}
wꖣ悻µrخaƶȼP}dwƱ^20112tоЇ؆}n}MDcrIFd硷20107΁ƽ⸣֮ⵜ֮µrD{顷dWЇcоġо桷201211ڣ65̖OArIϺ悵AcrIDͣ2007-2014AпƼWʿWλՓ2015
߄rIL֣xءrrIWվ//www.moa.gov.cn/zwllm/zwdt/201403/t20140304_3803478.htm2015522LrI„kңrIr彛wcI˾˾LtrDӛ߆rIWվ//www.moa.gov.cn/zwllm/zwdt/201402/t20140223_3793616.htm2015522L
F܊˴?йʵ?949-2009|2013195208
۵£ݿR˼YՓ11975784801
ЌYxİlչdЌЌȫ3199253159
11۵£ݿĻ؆}gx֪“1955190232
12۶ǡZ򣺡r񽛝Mʒg뾎gֳ1996
13Sԭ]ПoaYЇrIlչd_ŕr20123Ҫf@ָYҪdžλصYͶ벻ɿrIaR˼xՓеY
14WgTČʡµЮ˵˼g̎2010ԁPоFÿٶһWώM{PҲ20122014ָԓM˿ڽõČ}{Pעԓ悵rID͆}Լ{к͈Fܼ{еĻAPPrID^ȫϵyY
15ӡ܊СȣD^ȡǼZAaԭcߡdЇrIYԴc^20123
16T?xؾãǰйʽСũõ|?dϾrIWWƌW棩20136A]YxЇrIlչ·dc201311 / 12
17ArAӣǰrgAӡd_ŕr20123Rѩ壺Јrds־20147TOAǰrIҎģIN·dϴWWƌW棩20146
18RѩӋrռ1020ҊRѩ壺PڡЇʽСrĎcJRdϾrIWWƌW棩20136OAʡص{锵ҲӡC@һҊOAƷDrЈdϾrIWWƌW棩20135
19Rѩ壺PڡЇʽСrĎcJR
20Sо14o16oӢr񽛝rrӢrmȻѽlֻ]ЏЮarIYJRǘӮrѳFrI͂crIYҵČ@NBQзֻoͻҊSߣֻcͻƣ1416oӢr񽛝W20115763
21۶ǡZ򣺡r񽛝M1º͵7Bernstein H. V. I. Lenin and A. V. Chayanov Looking Back Looking Forward Journal of Peasant Studies Vol. 36 No. 12009 pp. 55-81
22P{lFͨrһ㶼߰ˉKʮKK˾w˽rKeP߷քeԔyӋһһrЈrKн{һr12аs14KKһK3СһKֻ0.1K1һЈrD2rԼҵijаﹲ26.5424KһK2.05СһK0.26Ks1.1Ϻ悌ڰɽ׵؅^ڃɑrǰߵضׅ^ߵĴ󲿷ׅ^ٔɽ^ؼ黯̶ȸȫƽˮƽȫ{锵@ʾ2007ĩ҇ƽÿеĵ؉K5.86KҊPسаIDƶоЇW2011121ؼ黯HOЈraijɱҴDеĽ׳ɱ˘OҎģI
23߉݋ԔՓCҊOArIϺ悵AcrIDͣ2007-20143µ2
24^̓M_ָ_಻_rijаһN࿴عܷօ^ָÿСMض֞ɂ܅^ϣ^mNԼҳаصrضһ^ҿɃx@^rijаͽIǺ϶һ˅^ɷQ顰Ը^ЩϣDصrؼһ^ڴ˅^аDһNcIxĽIcؽYһЌD˅^ɷQ顰D^ÿMдDؔψίyһDwɅҊOArIϺ悵AcrIDͣ2007-20144µ1ǣrDƶȄµ߉݋cEdArIWWƌW棩20143ǣ̓M_ࣺrDƶȄ¡dϾrIWWư棩20146
25ԔҊOArIϺ悵AcrIDͣ2007-20144µ3
26OAtҎģI»rյ„δ2015
27ҪfǷNֲ߲˵ϰ屾ǺԭҪϺNֲN߲2007_ʼM悲D400஀طNֲ߲ľaţBֳăɂϰ֮ǰҪDɽطNֲľMBֳ2009Ҳ_ʼD
282еҎģIwĔǮyӋĔֻyӋˏĴίDصҎģIwĔ
29󲿷ֿ͸rԭϼұǴfеЈr
30x£ЇrIYͷ¶Ϻ϶µYd_ŕr20155
31@rIWһRҊtՓСrڵԭdrI}19863_rIIҎģЧʛQdЇr^졷20005OArIIwͱ^c·x񡪡ȫTaЧʞġdcо201312Ȼ@߅ڲͬĵطͬҼʹͬһطҲSCеˮƽIwĹˮƽ׃׃
32ҊЌYxİlչ53159
33SǣAСrc׃wA2009142161?VuָľӪ_˘rĵĹģӪ?ͥʽrڱĵСa
34mȻҎģIwȲںܴڙCеrˎʺͷNӵaYϵʹϹԴڲڴ˹PߌһwcСaMб^
35Zָrÿһ͵Լg^һȦǷҪǷҪˎЕrһòҲְε
36SԭЇrIYĄ˾߀rdЇlо10݋ݣ20132850
37OArIIcroadЇо2014괺WīI2015
38۵£ݿR˼νWСdR˼˹x2199532
39ƷԽaPϵՓĮؘdЇƌW20011
40Ӣݺ˹̹r׃wAgƌWīI20113335
41ӋҎģIwƽ͹30
42x£YxʽͥrdcrIIwֻ˼ˮad_ŕr20134
43OArIIcroatŏKY_ʼЇrIFrAӵķֻdЇо2008괺^ϾƌWīI2010
44Sԭ]ПoaYЇrIlչ
45x£ЇrIYͷ¶Ϻ϶µY
46ЌYxİlչ7486
47۵£ݿR˼YՓ1
48ЌYxİlչ7486
49ͬע
50ҊtŏKY_ʼЇrIFrAӵķֻSԭ]ПoaYЇrIlչ
51Ļ^Փָ񹤘IaYϵӲrIҪaYӄtܴܵصĴСλöǹ̶ΌɢؼǴaشy}ԔҊ۵£ݿĻ؆}175177
52~ƽYSףЇrDЈ{о200517ʡ{ķͽhdЇr^졷20064
53ҊǣrDƶȄµ߉݋cEǣ̓M_ࣺrDƶȄ¡κգؼ黯crƶ׃dƌW20155
54·ָȫDe֮1 / 3ܼBƬDo˹IҎģIwҪlɼMͨ^Aֶ΁팍FҊ·ۣЇW2012133136
55x£ЇrIYͷ¶Ϻ϶µY
56ͬעں͢
57R˼ָ^YaAPϵһشĕrrIȻؼc@ȦȦȴDDԣ۵£ݿĻ؆}197
58PСacaIJаlչĻ^ԔՓָ߲ĵĽYʹСaYСaǴaҪĄڄṩߺraƷُIҊ۵£ݿĻ؆}196232
OAArIWWϵArIWrOcоģSun Xinhua The Department of Sociology and the Research Center of Rural Social Construction and Management Huazhong Agricultural University
52
؟ξ݋liqun
ӡ wͶղ ]e P]
һƪrPϵؘK.. һƪOA:rIҎģIwdc..

̖: ܴa: (Фڱسһ)
C a:
:
ȡ: